Sun spots are also known as Liver spots and solar lentigo. These are marks on the skin that occur due to aging and exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun. The regions of the body which are most often exposed to sunlight, such as hands, shoulders, face, arms and bald scalp, are most vulnerable to this problem. Sun spots vary in color from light brown to red or even black.
You can get rid of this problem by medical treatment easily. However, most of the people prefer a natural solution as it is safer and better for the skin. It is to be noted that, natural processes take longer time, one to two months to take effect on the sun spots and hence you should be patient while taking these measures. Never loiter to consult a dermatologist if you suspect any problem with your skin. So, here are some ways both natural and medical that can be adopted to get rid of sun spots.
1. Flavonoid-rich diet:
High flavonoid foods do a lot of good things for our health. They not only helps better our skin but also benefits many important organs of the body. They also reduce the risk of cancer. They enhance the power of your vitamin c and protect your cells from oxygen damage. Most of the fruits and vegetables are sources of flavonoids. Some of them are: apples, apricots, tomatoes, onions, black beans, cabbage, raspberries, strawberries, etc.
The citric acid in lemons lightens the spots and help remove any dead skin cell. It is a natural way of treating this problem with no other problems. Just slice a lemon into pieces and apply it straight to the sun spots for 10 to 15 minutes every day. This will lighten the spots significantly.
Papaya also works very well for the treatment of Sun spots. Just slice a ripe papaya, and press its flesh to the spots for 15 to 20 minutes every day.
4. Aloe Vera:using aloe Vera on the skin helps grow natural cells and repaired the damaged skin cells. Aloe Vera has extraordinary healing properties. Apply aloe Vera gel on the affected place twice a day. It should reduce the spots substantially within 2 months.
Onion and lemon both are acidic, that’s why both of these are not directly suitable for people with dry skin. If your skin is dry, then after washing off, apply moisturizer so that it does not get drier due to the acids. Just simply rub slices of red onion on the sun spots. Be careful so that it does not reach your eye. After the treatment, wash off to get rid of the odor.
6. Tea bag:
There are antioxidants in tea, which help our skin heal faster. You can use tea bags to treat your sun spots. Sheer a green tea bag in boiling water for a few minutes. Then squeeze the tea bag over a cotton ball and rub the spots twice per day.
We take vitamin pills orally, but it can be applied topically to treat sun spots. Vitamin capsules of vitamin E, C and A can be broken open and the gel can be applied to the affected places. The same properties of vitamins that help diminish scars help to diminish sun spots.
Tomato can be used in both sliced forms or in a juiced form to treat sun spots. Take slices of tomato and apply them onto the liver spots for five minutes every day. You can also use tomato by mixing four tablespoons of buttermilk with two tablespoons of tomato juice and apply it on the affected place. Finally, rinse off to clean your body or face after the treatment.
The lactic acid of milk revives cells instantly after application. Apply buttermilk on the sunspots regularly. Soak the spots in buttermilk. This will lighten the spots and help the skin cells to recover.
10. Kojic acid products:
Kojic acid is a by-product in the fermentation process of malting rice, for use in the manufacturing of sake, the Japanese rice wine. Find products that contain kojic acid. It has been found that kojic acid reduces the presence of sun spots effectively.
Consult a doctor or pharmacist about hydroquinone products. This ingredient is very popular as a spot remover. Bleaching creams can be used on the sunspots also as they contain hydroquinone. But there are disadvantages in using bleaching cream because it leaves the skin dry, itchy and the spots may feel rough to the touch. It is better to consult a specialist in case of using such product.
12. Laser Resurfacing:
This is a medical therapy for sun spots done by dermatologists. It is an effective but expensive procedure. It requires three to five sessions with the dermatologist to complete the laser skin resurfacing. It is a permanent solution for getting rid of sunspots if right post-operative care is taken.
13. Azelaic acid products:
Azelaic acid is a saturated dicarboxylic acid which exists as a white powder. It is found in wheat, rye and barley. You can try products that contain this acid for treating your sun spots. It is a component of a number of hair and skin conditioners. It is also known to work against hyperpigmentation.
14. Chemical Peel:
This can be done at the dermatologist’s office or at a spa. People with sensitive skin may have side effects after this treatment. Make sure before using whether you will have any allergic reactions because of undergoing this treatment. This process works by applying a chemical solution over the spots which causes dead skin cells and top layer of skin to peel off and you will have a fresh and new skin.
There is a process called Cryotherapy, which actually freezes the sun spots. After freezing the spots will scab and fall off in one week. It uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the spots.